July 2019
Volume 60, Issue 9
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   July 2019
Impact of single vision lens designs for myopes on driving skills and comfort
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Bernardin Delphine
    Research and Development, Essilor Canada, Montréal, Quebec, Canada
    Optometry School, Université de Montréal, Quebec, Canada
  • Jesse Michaels
    Faubert Laboratory, Quebec, Canada
    Optometry School, Université de Montréal, Quebec, Canada
  • Alain Goulet
    Recherche and Development, Essilor International, Créteil, France
  • Romain Chaumillon
    Faubert Laboratory, Quebec, Canada
    Optometry School, Université de Montréal, Quebec, Canada
  • Jocelyn Faubert
    Faubert Laboratory, Quebec, Canada
    Optometry School, Université de Montréal, Quebec, Canada
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Bernardin Delphine, None; Jesse Michaels, None; Alain Goulet, None; Romain Chaumillon, None; Jocelyn Faubert, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  NSERC-Essilor Industrial Research Chair of de l'université de Montréal
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science July 2019, Vol.60, 5926. doi:
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      Bernardin Delphine, Jesse Michaels, Alain Goulet, Romain Chaumillon, Jocelyn Faubert; Impact of single vision lens designs for myopes on driving skills and comfort. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(9):5926.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : One issue in the myopic population is aesthetic management of ophthalmic lenses such as thick edges and unsightly rings on the lens periphery. For improving aesthetic, a novel design proposes to thin the lens by steadily decreasing its back surface curvature in the temporal sides. To evaluate its impact, we designed an study where participants had to drive and perform a secondary task.

Methods : 5 women and 4 males ([21-36yo]) with a myopia ranging from -3 to -8.25dp were seated in car simulator. They had to drive along a highway road at a constant speed of 100 km/h to maintain a high level of workload and visual solicitation, and to detect numbers associated with ‘Montréal’ on different road signs displayed on a navigation device 8 times per trial. Driving performance was evaluated by standard deviation of lane position (SDLP), speed variability (SV), success rate in the secondary task, and comfort as evaluated by a simulator sickness questionnaire (SSQ). These were measured and compared between three lens solutions: the driver’s habitual single vision lenses (LH) and non-habitual single vision lenses: a reference lens (LA) and the new lens design (LB).

Results : SSQ scores were significantly different between the non-habitual lenses (Z(1,8) = -2.082, p < 0.05). Reported symptoms were driven by greater oculomotor symptoms (Z(1,8) = -2.384, p < 0.05) while wearing LB. Drivers also self-reported that they were less willing to wear this lens for driving. SDLP (t(1,8) = -5.894; t(1,8) = -3.921; p < 0.05) and SV (t(1,8) = -3.617; t(1,8) = -2.691; p < 0.05) were both impacted by the GPS tasks. With LB, the driving speed was significantly decreased (t= -5.894; p < 0.05).

Conclusions : LB new lens design with a thinning in the temporal side gave rise to strong visually induced discomfort. Driving measures revealed also that drivers adopt a more cautious strategy by reducing their speed while performing the secondary task. This is in addition to a significant impact of both non-habitual lenses on driving performance which may be due to the absence of a time adaptation or to the temporal lens design effect. Participants verbally reported difficulties with peripheral vision and specifically in detecting the number displayed on the GPS with LB despite no success rate difference. Our study reveals that the management of lens aesthetic may impair the daily behavior of myopic wearers such as driving behavior and comfort.

This abstract was presented at the 2019 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Vancouver, Canada, April 28 - May 2, 2019.

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