July 2019
Volume 60, Issue 9
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   July 2019
Standardized Lid Margin Redness Scale for Blepharitis
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Yesha Raval
    Ora, Andover, Massachusetts, United States
  • Paul J Gomes
    Ora, Andover, Massachusetts, United States
  • Mark B Abelson
    Ora, Andover, Massachusetts, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Yesha Raval, Ora (E); Paul Gomes, Ora (E); Mark Abelson, Ora (E)
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science July 2019, Vol.60, 6270. doi:
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      Yesha Raval, Paul J Gomes, Mark B Abelson; Standardized Lid Margin Redness Scale for Blepharitis. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(9):6270.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose : The hallmark sign of blepharitis is lid margin redness. A standardized redness grading scale is critical for the evaluation of drug efficacy. We established the standardized conjunctival redness scale over 25 years ago and it has found widespread usage in clinical trials and the drug approval process.

Methods : The process used in the creation of lid margin redness scale is similar to the method used to create the conjunctival redness sale. We reviewed 74 photos from patients with lid margin redness associated with various levels of severity of blepharitis. Photos were then organized mild to most severe by a group of clinical researchers. A 0-3 scale was selected as it represents a 25% gradation between scores. For each of these scores, the best photo representation with descriptors along the continuum was selected. The combination of verbal descriptors and clear photograph examples is important in providing the clinical grader appropriate guidance. Clinicians not involved in this process used this scale in a pilot single center study and in 3 multi-center trials where it was successfully validated.

Results : The scale was very sensitive and detected efficacy of an antibiotic/steroid combination with reduction from baseline in lid margin redness of 0.50 units, P=0.0007.

Conclusions : We have repeated a successful methodology to create a standardized scale for the endpoint of lid margin redness associated with blepharitis.

This abstract was presented at the 2019 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Vancouver, Canada, April 28 - May 2, 2019.


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