July 2019
Volume 60, Issue 9
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   July 2019
Stargardt disease ALK-001 phase 2 clinical trial: 12-month interim data
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Hendrik P Scholl
    Institute of Molecular and Clinical Ophthalmology (IOB), Basel, Switzerland
    Dept. of Ophthalmology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
  • Stephen H Tsang
    Ophthalmology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, United States
  • Christine Nichols Kay
    Ophthalmology, Vitreoretinal Associates, Gainesville, Florida, United States
  • Thomas B. Connor
    Ophthalmology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States
  • Michael B Gorin
    Ophthalmology, UCLA/Stein Eye, Los Angeles, California, United States
  • Paul S Bernstein
    Ophthalmology, University of Utah/Moran Eye Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
  • Byron L Lam
    Ophthalmology, University of Miami/Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, Florida, United States
  • Zach Strecker
    Ophthalmology, Alkeus Pharmaceuticals, Somerville, Massachusetts, United States
  • Justin Tyler Zaremba
    Ophthalmology, Alkeus Pharmaceuticals, Somerville, Massachusetts, United States
  • Gabrielle DeBartolomeo
    Ophthalmology, Alkeus Pharmaceuticals, Somerville, Massachusetts, United States
  • Ilyas Washington
    Ophthalmology, Alkeus Pharmaceuticals, Somerville, Massachusetts, United States
  • Leonide Saad
    Ophthalmology, Alkeus Pharmaceuticals, Somerville, Massachusetts, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Hendrik Scholl, None; Stephen Tsang, None; Christine Kay, None; Thomas Connor, None; Michael Gorin, None; Paul Bernstein, None; Byron Lam, None; Zach Strecker, Alkeus Pharmaceuticals (E); Justin Zaremba, Alkeus Pharmaceuticals (E); Gabrielle DeBartolomeo, Alkeus Pharmaceuticals (E); Ilyas Washington, Alkeus Pharmaceuticals (C), Alkeus Pharmaceuticals (P); Leonide Saad, Alkeus Pharmaceuticals (E), Alkeus Pharmaceuticals (S), Alkeus Pharmaceuticals (I)
  • Footnotes
    Support  FDA Grant FD004098
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science July 2019, Vol.60, 1336. doi:https://doi.org/
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      Hendrik P Scholl, Stephen H Tsang, Christine Nichols Kay, Thomas B. Connor, Michael B Gorin, Paul S Bernstein, Byron L Lam, Zach Strecker, Justin Tyler Zaremba, Gabrielle DeBartolomeo, Ilyas Washington, Leonide Saad; Stargardt disease ALK-001 phase 2 clinical trial: 12-month interim data. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(9):1336. doi: https://doi.org/.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : Stargardt disease (STGD1) is the most prevalent inherited macular dystrophy. In the absence of an approved treatment, there is a growing interest and need for well-designed and controlled clinical trials. We present the design, baseline data, and one-year interim safety and pharmacokinetics of the prospective “TEASE” clinical trial.

Methods : TEASE is a two-year Phase 2 double-masked placebo-controlled study enrolling 50 subjects with ABCA4-related STGD1 and a well-delineated area of atrophy (Fig 1). The study drug ALK-001, is a selectively deuterated vitamin A used as vitamin A replacement and taken orally once-a-day. Deuterium slows vitamin A dimerization 4-5 fold without inhibiting the visual cycle. Subjects are randomized 2:1 ALK-001:placebo. After one year of treatment, 50% of placebo subjects crossover to ALK-001 in a masked and randomized fashion to compare atrophy progression before and after crossover. The primary endpoint is safety of two dose levels of ALK-001, while efficacy outcomes include atrophy lesion size by fundus autofluorescence (FAF), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), reading speed, dark adaptation and retinal sensitivity (microperimetry).

Results : 50 subjects (38 white; 28 female) have been randomized at 7 clinical sites. Median age was 46 years (range, 18-60) and disease duration 9 years (0-36). 48 of 50 subjects have completed the one-year follow-up visit. On average, 90% of vitamin A was replaced with deuterated vitamin A, which was maintained over time. ALK-001 was well-tolerated with no unexpected adverse reactions, no report of night blindness or impaired dark adaptation, and no clinically-significant increases in liver function tests or in total vitamin A (natural + deuterated). Atrophic lesions at baseline were bilateral in 74% of cases with a 5.1 mm2 (0.3-31.6) median area. 46% and 52% of subjects had BCVA better than 20/40 or worse than 20/100, respectively. Mean retinal sensitivity was 8.3 dB (SD: 4.8). Deep scotomatous areas covered approximately 32% of a 20-deg disc centered on the fovea (approx. 8 mm2, n=75 eyes).

Conclusions : The TEASE study is currently the largest, fully-enrolled clinical effort to slow or prevent the progression of STGD1. This feasible study design opens the avenue to similar studies. An expanded study, TEASE-2, is currently enrolling new participants (≧12 years old) in the USA.

This abstract was presented at the 2019 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Vancouver, Canada, April 28 - May 2, 2019.

 

Fig 1. FAF of a TEASE subject, displaying foveal retinal sensitivity

Fig 1. FAF of a TEASE subject, displaying foveal retinal sensitivity

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