July 2019
Volume 60, Issue 9
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   July 2019
Evaluation of relationship between font and silent reading performance in healthy subjects using the eye tracking system
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Noriaki Murata
    Niigata University, Niigata, Japan
    Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan
  • Haruo Toda
    Niigata University, Niigata, Japan
    Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan
  • Chihiro Sasagawa
    Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan
  • Eriko Seki
    Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan
  • Ayaka Takayama
    Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan
  • Takeo Fukuchi
    Niigata University, Niigata, Japan
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Noriaki Murata, None; Haruo Toda, None; Chihiro Sasagawa, None; Eriko Seki, None; Ayaka Takayama, None; Takeo Fukuchi, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP15K10835, JP18K17770
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science July 2019, Vol.60, 5942. doi:
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      Noriaki Murata, Haruo Toda, Chihiro Sasagawa, Eriko Seki, Ayaka Takayama, Takeo Fukuchi; Evaluation of relationship between font and silent reading performance in healthy subjects using the eye tracking system. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(9):5942.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : To evaluate the difference in the silent reading performance between the sentences written in two fonts (Gothic style and Mincho style) in healthy participants using the eye tracking system.

Methods : Forty-six normal subjects (mean age: 21.8 ± 1.7 yr) were included in the study. Participants with visual field defect detected by Humphrey field analyzer (24-2 Swedish Interactive Threshold Algorithm Fast Strategy) or with eye position abnormality were excluded. Participants silently read sentences consisting of 604–605 Japanese characters while the eye tracking system (Tobii TX300) recorded and calculated reading duration, fixation time per 100 characters, and mean fixation duration. The participant read the same two sentences on the panel in each condition. In the Mincho- and Gothic-conditions, these sentences were written in the Mincho or Gothic fonts, respectively. We presented stimulus sentences randomly for each participant. To assess differences in reading performance between Gothic and Mincho, we used the paired t-test as appropriate.

Results : There were statistically significant differences between Gothic and Mincho in the reading duration per 100 characters (Gothic, 8.1 ± 3.4 sec; Mincho, 7.5 ± 3.3 msec; P<0.001), the fixation times per 100 characters (Gothic, 29.9 ± 11.2 times; Mincho, 27.3 ± 11.2 times, P<0.001), and the mean fixation duration (Gothic, 212.2 ± 27.4 msec; Mincho, 205.2 ± 29.4 msec; P<0.01).

Conclusions : The silent reading performance with the Gothic font was significantly lower in all the parameters than with Mincho font. The difference in the font may affect reading performance, even in the young subject who do not have the visual field loss or deterioration of the contrast sensitivity.

This abstract was presented at the 2019 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Vancouver, Canada, April 28 - May 2, 2019.

 

Figure. Gothic style (A, Sans-serif font) and Mincho style (B, Serif font).
The figure shows a sentence pronounced as “YOROSHIKU ONEGAI ITASHIMASU.”
It is a fixed phrase at the e-mail in Japan and has the similar meaning as “kind regards.”

Figure. Gothic style (A, Sans-serif font) and Mincho style (B, Serif font).
The figure shows a sentence pronounced as “YOROSHIKU ONEGAI ITASHIMASU.”
It is a fixed phrase at the e-mail in Japan and has the similar meaning as “kind regards.”

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