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Vinicius Vanzan, Sonja Karst, Morgan Heisler, Natalia Page, Timothy Yu, Julian Lo, Marinko V Sarunic, Eduardo Vitor Navajas; Correlation between middle retinal layers structural changes and deep capillary plexus dropout in diabetic retinopathy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(9):5348.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To compare areas of deep capillary plexus dropout to structural changes in the middle retinal layers in diabetic retinopathy (DR) patients utilizing swept source optical coherence tomography angiography (ssOCT-A).
Patients with diabetes and DR of different severity levels as well as healthy controls were included. Cross sectional and en face structural swept source OCT (ssOCT) and en face 6x6 mm ssOCT-A imaging were performed with thePlex Elite 9000 © (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc). Proprietary Carl Zeiss automated software was utilized to segment the superficial vascular complex (SVC) and deep vascular complex (DVC). The number and area of capillary dropout (CDO) zones were calculated by using ImageJ software v 1.51. Analysis of variance was used to compare capillary dropout of different areas and DR severity levels (GraphPad Prism 6.0). The number and area of ssOCT middle retina structural changes were measure on ImageJ and compared to CDO zones.
Twelve eyes of 12 patients and 12 eyes of 12 controls were included in the study. CDO in the DVC colocalized with middle retina layer thinning seen on en face ssOCT. The number and area of middle retina layer thinning increased with DR severity. The area of CDO in the DVC also correlated with DR severity (0.10% ± 0.18, 9.57% ± 8.60, 15.53% ± 8.93, 27.05% ±13.50 in controls, moderate, severe and proliferative DR, respectively; p<0.0001.)There was a significant correlation between area of CDO in the DVC and area of middle retina layer thinning seen on structural em face ssOCT.
En face ssOCTA can detected DVC changes before structural changes area seen in the middle retinal layers. A minimum area of CDO is required for structural changes to develop. The presence of middle retinal layer thinning on ssOCT is a potential new biomarker of disease severity in DR patients.
This abstract was presented at the 2019 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Vancouver, Canada, April 28 - May 2, 2019.
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