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Eileen E. Birch, Reed M. Jost, Yi-Zhong Wang, Krista R. Kelly, Deborah E. Giaschi; Impaired Fellow Eye Motion Perception and Abnormal Binocular Function. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(10):3374-3380. doi: 10.1167/iovs.19-26885.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Binocular discordance due to strabismus, anisometropia, or both may result in not only monocular visual acuity deficits, but also in motion perception deficits. We determined the prevalence of fellow-eye deficits in motion-defined form (MDF) perception, the ability to identify a two-dimensional (2D) shape defined by motion rather than luminance contrast. We also examined the following: the causative role of reduced visual acuity and binocularity, associations with clinical and sensory factors, and effectiveness of binocular amblyopia treatment in alleviating deficits.
Participants included 91 children with residual amblyopia (strabismic, anisometropic, or both; age, 9.0 ± 1.7 years), 79 nonamblyopic children with treated strabismus or anisometropia (age, 8.5 ± 2.1 years), and 20 controls (age, 8.6 ± 1.5 years). MDF coherence thresholds, visual acuity, stereoacuity, and interocular suppression were measured.
MDF deficits, relative to controls, were present in the fellow eye of 23% of children with residual amblyopia and 20% of nonamblyopic children. Stereoacuity and age first patched were correlated with MDF threshold (r = 0.29, 95% CI: 0.09–0.47; r = −0.33, 95% CI: −0.13 to −0.50, respectively). MDF deficits were more common in children treated with patching alone than in those receiving contrast-rebalanced binocular treatment with games or movies (t89 = 3.46; P = 0.0008). The latter was associated with a reduction in mean fellow eye MDF threshold (t26 = 6.32, P < 0.0001).
Fellow eye MDF deficits are common and likely reflect abnormalities in binocular cortical mechanisms that result from early discordant visual experience. Binocular amblyopia treatment, which is effective in improving amblyopic eye visual acuity, appears to provide a benefit for the fellow eye.
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