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Ravneet Singh Rai, Katie Lucy, Nathaniel Tracer, Mengfei Wu, Maria de los Angeles Ramos Cadena, Aushim Kokroo, Siddarth Rathi, Assumpta Madu, Jesus Jiménez-Román, Gabriel Lazcano-Gómez, Joong Wong Shin, Sung Kyung Rim, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Joel S Schuman, Gadi Wollstein; Preferred OCTA Scanning Protocol for Glaucoma Discrimination. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(11):PB051.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
OCT Angiography (OCTA) can be used to measure retinal vessel density (VD). These scans can be of various sizes and may be centered on the optic nerve head (ONH) or macula. In this study, we examined the glaucoma discrimination performance of VD using different scanning sizes and locations and compared it with the performance of conventional structural and functional biomarkers to identify the best glaucoma discrimination scanning protocol.
79 healthy and glaucomatous eyes (50 subjects) were included in the study. Subjects with diabetes, vascular disease, or who were using medications known to affect retinal thickness were excluded. 3x3 and 6x6mm ONH and macula OCTA images were obtained using Cirrus HD-OCT Angioplex (Zeiss, Dublin, CA). Global and sectoral VD was calculated using native software on the device. Area under the receiver operating characteristics (AUC) was used to determine the discrimination ability of VD, retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, rim area, cup-to-disc (C/D) ratio, ganglion cell inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness, and visual field mean deviation (MD). Bootstrapping was used for comparison between the AUCs.
Subjects with glaucoma had statistically significantly different measurements than healthy individuals for all tested parameters except for the majority of macula VD (both 3x3 and 6x6 scanning sizes; Table). VD measurements that had the best glaucoma discrimination ability were acquired from the ONH from all sectors of the 3x3 scans and in the outer and full sectors in the 6x6 scans (Table). For these ONH parameters, no significant difference was detected from the best discriminating parameter (average RNFL and rim area). All macula VD measurements had significantly worse discrimination performance.
Among VD scanning options, the ONH scans are the most suitable for glaucoma discrimination. However, the coarse sampling in the larger scan (6x6mm) reduces this capability inside and immediately adjacent to the ONH.
This abstract was presented at the 2019 ARVO Imaging in the Eye Conference, held in Vancouver, Canada, April 26-27, 2019.
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