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Rui Hua, Lihang Qu, Bing Ma, Peishi Yang, Hao Sun, Limin Liu; Diabetic Optic Neuropathy and Its Risk Factors in Chinese Patients With Diabetic Retinopathy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(10):3514-3519. doi: 10.1167/iovs.19-26825.
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To investigate diabetic optic neuropathy (DON) prevalence and risk factors in Chinese diabetic retinopathy (DR) patients.
This retrospective study included 1067 eyes (550 patients) that underwent ocular imaging. The diabetes duration, systolic blood pressure (SBP), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) were also recorded simultaneously.
A total of 410 eyes with DON and 657 eyes without DON were included (38.4% DON prevalence). DON eyes were classified as having diabetic papillopathy (DP), optic disc neovascularization (NVD), anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION), or optic atrophy (OA). Proliferative DR eyes had a higher DON prevalence than nonproliferative DR eyes (P < 0.001). Diabetes duration, SBP, and HbA1c were higher in DON patients than in non-DON patients (all P < 0.001). Additionally, HDL was lower in patients with DON (0.74 ± 0.13 mM) than in those without DON (1.00 ± 0.24 mM, P < 0.001). HbA1c levels were greater in AION patients (10.00 ± 1.53% [85.76 ± 16.71 mmol/mol]) than in DP patients (8.78 ± 1.97% [72.45 ± 21.55 mmol/mol], P = 0.017); central foveal thickness (CFT) significantly varied among groups (P < 0.001). Increased age, diabetes duration, SBP, CFT, and DR severity were risk factors for DON; and increased HbA1c was a risk factor for NVD, AION, and OA (all P < 0.05).
Our study results strengthen the argument that increased age, diabetes duration, SBP, CFT, DR severity, and HbA1c are all risk factors for DON in patients with DR.
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