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Naoyuki Morishige, Kazuyoshi Magome, Akifumi Ueno, Taka-Aki Matsui, Teruo Nishida; Relations Among Corneal Curvature, Thickness, and Volume in Keratoconus as Evaluated by Anterior Segment–Optical Coherence Tomography. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(12):3794-3802. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.19-27619.
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To provide insight into the mechanism underlying corneal deformation in keratoconus, we examined the relations among corneal curvature, thickness, and volume as well as the association of corneal scar formation with these parameters.
A total of 288 corneas of 174 keratoconus patients and 114 corneas of 57 control subjects were examined by anterior segment–optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Anterior and posterior refractive values, corneal thickness (CT), and corneal volume (CV) were determined by AS-OCT for both control and keratoconic eyes. The pattern of corneal stromal scarring was also determined from the AS-OCT images.
The distribution of CV was similar for keratoconic and control eyes, whereas anterior and posterior refractive values as well as CT showed a wider distribution for keratoconic eyes. The progression of corneal deformation initially occurred without corneal thinning but was later associated with a decrease in CT and an eventual loss of CV. The progression of scarring from the anterior to the posterior stroma was associated with an increase in anterior refractive value and decreases in posterior refractive value, CT, and CV.
The progression of keratoconus as reflected by corneal deformation was associated with a reduction in CT and CV as well as stromal scar formation. The loss of CV occurred after the initial decline in CT, suggesting that stromal degradation occurred only at the advanced stage of keratoconus.
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