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Moritz C. Daniel, Adam M. Dubis, Becky MacPhee, Patricia Ibanez, Gillian Adams, John Brookes, Maria Papadopoulos, Peng T. Khaw, Maria Theodorou, Annegret H. Dahlmann-Noor; Optical Coherence Tomography Findings After Childhood Lensectomy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(13):4388-4396. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.19-26806.
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To explore the impact of childhood lensectomy on posterior segment development.
Cross-sectional observational study at children's eye clinics at a tertiary referral center in London, UK. We included 45 children age 4 to 16 years with healthy eyes and 38 who had undergone lensectomy. We acquired posterior segment optical coherence tomography scans of both eyes. We used parametric and nonparametric tests in SPSS24 for the comparison of parameters between groups and within individuals; a P value less than 0.05 was considered significant. The main outcome measures were foveal pit depth and subfoveal choroidal thickness (CT). Secondary outcomes were inner and outer ring CT and photoreceptor layer parameters, macular and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness.
Foveal pit depth and subfoveal CT are significantly reduced in eyes that have undergone lensectomy compared with nonoperated eyes. Inner ring CT and outer ring CT are reduced. Foveal inner retinal layer thickness is increased. Mean inner retinal and outer nuclear layer thickness are not affected.
Childhood lensectomy is associated with a reduction in developmental foveal pit deepening and lack of developmental thickening of the posterior choroid. Mechanical and optical disruption of foveal and subfoveal choroidal development may affect structural foveal development after childhood lensectomy.
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