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Jing Xiang, Qin Chen, Lihua Kang, Guowei Zhang, Yong Wang, Bai Qin, Jian Wu, Tianqiu Zhou, Yongzhao Han, Huaijin Guan; LncRNA PLCD3-OT1 Functions as a CeRNA to Prevent Age-Related Cataract by Sponging miR-224-5p and Regulating PLCD3 Expression. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(14):4670-4680. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.19-27211.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important in disease progression and cellular functions. This study aimed to conduct global lncRNA profiling and characterize the role of lncRNA 1-phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase delta 3-sence RNA 1 (PLCD3-OT1) in the progression of age-related cataract (ARC).
We performed lncRNA expression profiling of lens capsule from ARC groups and age-matched groups using high-throughput RNA-sequencing. Real-time PCR was conducted to detect the expression pattern of lncRNA and mRNA in the clinical samples and cell model. Assays of cell-counting kit-8, 5′-ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine, TUNEL, and propidium iodide staining were used to detect cell viability, proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle. We also performed fluorescence in situ hybridization assay to detect the location of lncRNA, and verified the endogenous competitive RNA mechanism between miRNAs, lncRNAs, and target genes via double-luciferase reporter analyses.
The expression of lncRNA PLCD3-OT1 and PLCD3 were significantly decreased in ARC. PLCD3-OT1 overexpression promoted the expression of PLCD3, cell viability, proliferation, and inhibited cell apoptosis upon oxidative stress, while knockdown of PLCD3 showed the opposite results. Mechanistically, PLCD3-OT1functions through positively regulation the expression of PLCD3. In addition, PLCD3-OT1 may act as a ceRNA to regulate the expression of PLCD3 through competition for miR-224-5p.
PLCD3-OT1 and PLCD3 may become potential therapeutic targets for the prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of ARC.
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