Purchase this article with an account.
Shimin Li, Edward Kim, Diego G. Ogando, Joseph A. Bonanno; Corneal Endothelial Pump Coupling to Lactic Acid Efflux in the Rabbit and Mouse. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(2):7. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.2.7.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Confirm that the corneal endothelial pump uses a lactate-coupled water efflux mechanism.
Corneal thickness, lactate efflux, and stromal [lactate] were measured in de-epithelialized swollen and nonswollen ex vivo-mounted rabbit corneas perfused with bicarbonate-rich and bicarbonate-free Ringers, ouabain, or acetazolamide to determine if the relationships among these parameters were similar to previous data using intact corneas. The role of barrier function was tested by perfusion with calcium-free EGTA. Predictions of [lactate] in endothelial dystrophy were examined in the Slc4a11 knock out mouse.
De-epithelialized corneal swelling, lactate efflux, and stromal [lactate] in response to bicarbonate-free Ringers, ouabain, and acetazolamide perfusion had the same relationship as in intact corneas. The absolute amount of lactate efflux and stromal [lactate] in the de-epithelialized corneas was about half of intact corneas. De-epithelialized, swollen corneas deswelled fully with bicarbonate-rich, partially in the presence of acetazolamide, but continued to swell with bicarbonate-free or ouabain. The relationship among corneal thickness, lactate efflux, and [lactate] was the same as with nonswollen de-epithelialized corneas. In intact corneas swollen by perfusion with calcium-free EGTA, the relationship between swelling and lactate flux was the inverse of control corneas. The relationship between corneal swelling and [lactate] of intact corneas exposed to ouabain, but perfused with 7 mM lactate to simulate aqueous humor, was the same as without lactate. Corneal [lactate] in Slc4a11 knock out was twice that of wild type.
The corneal endothelial pump works via a lactate efflux mechanism that requires an intact osmotic barrier.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only