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Takahiro Kogo, Yuki Muraoka, Yuto Iida, Sotaro Ooto, Tomoaki Murakami, Shin Kadomoto, Yuko Iida-Miwa, Shogo Numa, Masahiro Miyake, Manabu Miyata, Akihito Uji, Akitaka Tsujikawa; Angiographic Risk Features of Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion Onset as Determined by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(2):8. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.2.8.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Examine associations between the vasculature at arteriovenous (AV) crossings and the onset of branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO).
We included 78 patients with major BRVO, 35 patients with macular BRVO, and 110 controls without BRVO and determined the vessel positions at AV crossings, where the first- or second-order branches of the retinal veins associate, using a viewing angle of 12 × 12 mm2 in optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).
We reviewed 1349 and 1276 AV crossings in BRVO patients and control subjects, respectively. The proportions of venous overcrossing were 26.5%, 28.6%, and 26.8% at non-causative crossings in BRVO eyes, non-BRVO fellow eyes, and unaffected control eyes, respectively; however, the rate of venous overcrossings at the causative crossings was 45.1%. In OCTA analyses, we divided the branches into macular- or non-macular veins. The rate of venous overcrossing was 52.5% at causative crossings in major BRVO but was 28.6% in macular BRVO. Odds ratios for whether venous overcrossing was a risk factor for BRVO were 3.09 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.96–4.88) and 0.94 (95% CI, 0.44–2.00) for non-macular veins and macular veins, respectively. The patients with major BRVO caused by venous overcrossing were younger than patients for whom the cause was arterial overcrossing (P < 0.001). The onset of macular BRVO did not differ between crossing patterns at causative crossings (P = 0.60).
In eyes with BRVO, venous overcrossing was a common angiographic feature at causative crossings and might be a risk factor for major BRVO onset.
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