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Zitian Liu, Zidong Chen, Yunzhi Xu, Lei Feng, Junpeng Yuan, Daming Deng, Ying Han, Minbin Yu; Objective Assessment of the Effect of Optical Treatment on Magnocellular and Parvocellular-biased Visual Response in Anisometropic Amblyopia. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(2):21. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.2.21.
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Optical treatment can improve visual function in anisometropic amblyopia, but there is no electrophysiological evidence, and the underlying change in visual pathway remains unknown. Our aims were to characterize the functional loss in magnocellular and parvocellular visual pathways in anisometropic amblyopia at baseline and to investigate the effect of optical treatment on the 2 visual pathways.
Using isolated-check visual-evoked potential, we measured the magnocellular- and parvocellular-biased contrast response functions in 15 normal controls (20.13 ± 3.93 years; mean ± standard deviation), 16 patients with anisometropic amblyopia (18.00 ± 6.04 years) who were fully refractive corrected before and 29 (19.41 ± 7.41 years) who had never been corrected. Twelve previously uncorrected amblyopes received optical treatment for more than 2 months and finished the follow-up measurement.
Both the magnocellular- and parvocellular-biased contrast response functions in the amblyopic eye exhibited significantly reduced response and weaker contrast gains. We also found that the uncorrected amblyopes showed a more severe response reduction in magnocellular-biased, but not parvocellular-biased condition when compared with those corrected, with a weaker initial contrast gain and lower maximal response. After optical treatment, 12 uncorrected amblyopes demonstrated improved visual acuity of the amblyopic eye and a significant response gain to magnocellular-biased but not parvocellular-biased stimuli.
We demonstrated deficits to both magnocellular- and parvocellular-biased stimuli in subjects with anisometropic amblyopia. Optical treatment could produce neurophysiological changes in visual pathways even in older children and adults, which may be mediated through the magnocellular pathway.
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