Purchase this article with an account.
P. Ewen King-Smith, Thomas F. Mauger, Carolyn G. Begley, Patrice Tankam; Optical Analysis and Reappraisal of the Peripheral Light Focusing Theory of Nasal Pterygia Formation. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(2):42. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.2.42.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Pterygia are much more common nasally than temporally. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a major risk factor. Coroneo proposed that the nasal preference is caused by the “peripheral light focusing effect,” (PLF), in which UV at an oblique angle passes through temporal cornea and is concentrated on and damages nasal limbal stem cells. This study evaluates whether the PLF is sufficient to explain the nasal preference.
Whereas Coroneo and colleagues derived the maximum PLF intensity gain (UV concentration factor) as a function of incident angle (i.e., different nasal limbal positions were used for different incident angles) the current analysis derived intensity gain at a fixed position such at the nasal corneo-limbal junction (CLJ). This provided a measure of the total PLF irradiation at this position, which was compared to total direct irradiation of nasal and temporal limbus at the corresponding positions (e.g., CLJs). In Part 1, analysis was performed like that of Coroneo, using horizontally incident UV; in Part 2, the analysis was extended to include incident rays above and below the horizontal.
In both part 1 and part 2 of the study, the limbal UV irradiation of the nasal limbus from the PLF was not sufficient to explain the strong nasal location preference of pterygia.
The analysis calls into question the PLF explanation of nasal location preference. Other explanations of the nasal preference, and of pterygium pathogenesis, should be considered, such as temporal to nasal tear flow carrying substances such as cytokines to the nasal limbus.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only