Purchase this article with an account.
Toshiro Iwagawa, Yuko Aihara, Daisy Umutoni, Yukihiro Baba, Akira Murakami, Kenji Miyado, Sumiko Watanabe; Cd9 Protects Photoreceptors from Injury and Potentiates Edn2 Expression. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(3):7. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.3.7.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Cd9 is a tetraspanin membrane protein that plays various roles in tissue development and disease pathogenesis, especially in cancer, but the expression patterns and function of Cd9 in retinal development and disease are not well understood. We asked its roles during retinal photoreceptor degeneration by using CD9-knockout mice.
Cd9 knockout mice and rd1 mice were used to examine roles of Cd9 for progression of photoreceptor degeneration. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry were mainly used as analytical methods.
Cd9 transcripts were only weakly expressed in retina at embryonic day 14, but its expression level subsequently increased and peaked at around postnatal day 12. In 6-week-old female mice derived retina, mRNA expression decreased slightly but was maintained at a significant level. Published RNA-sequencing data and immunohistochemistry indicated that Cd9 was expressed abundantly in Müller glia and weakly in other retinal neurons. Notably, when photoreceptors were damaged, Cd9 expression was increased in rod photoreceptors and decreased in Müller glia. Cd9 knockout mice retinas developed normally; however, once the retina suffered damage, degeneration of photoreceptors was more severe in Cd9 knockout retinas than control retinas. Induction of Edn2, which is known to protect against photoreceptor damage, was severely hampered. In addition, induction of Socs3, which is downstream of gp130 (Il6st), was weaker in Cd9 knockout retinas.
Taken together, these findings indicate that, although Cd9 was dispensable for normal gross morphological development, it protected rod photoreceptors and enhanced Edn2 expression, possibly through modulation of gp130 signaling.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only