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Hae Rang Kim, Robert N. Weinreb, Linda M. Zangwill, Min Hee Suh; Characteristics of Focal Gamma Zone Parapapillary Atrophy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(3):17. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.3.17.
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of focal γ-zone parapapillary atrophy (focal γPPA) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).
Three groups of POAG eyes (n = 214) were defined according to the circumferential extent of Bruch's membrane (BM) within the β-zone PPA, as follows: (1) no γPPA (intact BM; n = 81), (2) conventional γPPA (γPPA involving the fovea-BM-opening axis; n = 89), and (3) focal γPPA (γPPA not involving the fovea-BM-opening axis; n = 44). Clinical and ocular characteristics, including age, axial length (AXL), and focal lamina cribrosa (LC) defects were compared among the three groups.
The focal γPPA group was significantly older (60.6 ± 11.0 years) and had shorter AXL (24.10 ± 1.34 mm) than those of the conventional γPPA group (46.2 ± 13.8 years and 26.53 ± 1.61 mm, respectively; P < 0.001). These values of the focal γPPA group were similar to those of the no γPPA group (23.73 ± 0.97 mm for AXL and 64.0 ± 13.0 years for age). The focal γPPA group had a significantly higher prevalence of focal LC defects than did the other two groups (70.5% [31/44] for the focal γPPA group versus 46.1% [41/89] for the conventional γPPA group versus 37.0% [30/81] for the no γPPA group; P = 0.002).
Focal γPPA was differentiated from conventional γPPA by older age and shorter AXL. Further, focal γPPA was frequently accompanied by focal LC defects. Longitudinal studies elucidating whether focal LC defects and focal γPPA share common pathogenesis are warranted.
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