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Eugene Yu-Chuan Kang, Hung-Ta Chen, Yi-Jen Hsueh, Hung-Chi Chen, Hsin-Yuan Tan, Ching-Hsi Hsiao, Lung-Kun Yeh, Wei-Chi Wu; Corneal Sensitivity and Tear Function in Recurrent Corneal Erosion Syndrome. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(3):21. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.3.21.
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To determine the association of corneal sensitivity and tear functions on the prognosis of eyes after posttraumatic recurrent corneal erosion syndrome (RCES).
Patients were enrolled retrospectively and had unilateral RCES and a history of ocular surface trauma. A corneal sensitivity test and tear function test (tear break-up time and Schirmer test) were performed at three time points (month 1 to month 3, month 3 to month 6, and month 6 to month 12). Depending on the number of recurrences during the follow-up, patients were divided into group A (n > 2) or group B (n = 2). A comparison between diseased and normal fellow eyes in each patient was performed.
A total of 31 patients were enrolled and divided into group A (n = 14) and group B (n = 17). The mean age was 40.3 ± 12.2 years, whereas the mean follow-up was 28.0 ± 3.6 months. During the study period, corneal sensitivity, tear break-up time, and the Schirmer test results were all lower in diseased eyes than in normal fellow eyes in both groups. Compared to the first time point, recovery of corneal sensitivity and the Schirmer test values were observed in diseased eyes in group B at the second and third time points.
Poor corneal sensitivity and tear function are associated with posttraumatic RCES. Recovery of corneal sensitivity and tear function may be associated with a reduction of recurrence in eyes with posttraumatic RCES.
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