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Atsuya Miki, Yuichi Yasukura, Robert N. Weinreb, Naoyuki Maeda, Tomomi Yamada, Shizuka Koh, Tomoko Asai, Yasushi Ikuno, Kohji Nishida; Dynamic Scheimpflug Ocular Biomechanical Parameters in Untreated Primary Open Angle Glaucoma Eyes. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(4):19. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.4.19.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To characterize the corneal biomechanical properties of glaucoma eyes by comparing the dynamic Scheimpflug biomechanical parameters between untreated glaucoma and control eyes.
Cross-sectional observational data of dynamic Scheimpflug analyzer (Corvis ST) examinations were retrospectively collected from 35 eyes of 35 consecutive patients with untreated normal tension glaucoma and 35 eyes of 35 healthy patients matched on age and IOP. Ten biomechanical parameters were compared between the two groups using multivariable models adjusting for IOP, central corneal thickness, age, and axial length. The Benjamini-Hochberg method was used to correct for multiple comparison.
In multivariable models, glaucoma was associated with smaller applanation 1 time (P < 0.001, coefficient = −0.5865), applanation 2 time (P = 0.012, coefficient = −0.1702), radius (P = 0.006, coefficient = −0.5447), larger peak distance (P = 0.011, coefficient = 0.1023), deformation amplitude ratio at 1 mm (P < 0.001, coefficient = 0.072), and integrated radius (P < 0.001, coefficient = 1.094). These associations consistently indicate greater compliance of the cornea in glaucoma eyes.
Untreated normal tension glaucoma eyes were more compliant than healthy eyes. The greater compliance (smaller stiffness) of normal tension glaucoma eyes may increase the risk of optic nerve damage. These results suggest the relevance of measuring biomechanical properties of glaucoma eyes.
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