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Lihua Fang, Weiwei Ma, Yan Wang, Yu Dai, Zhaohui Fang; Theoretical Analysis of Wave-Front Aberrations Induced from Conventional Laser Refractive Surgery in a Biomechanical Finite Element Model. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(5):34. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.5.34.
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To examine the biomechanical effects-induced wave-front aberrations after conventional laser refractive surgery.
A finite element model of the human eye was established to simulate conventional laser refractive surgery with corrected refraction from –1 to –15 diopters (D). The deformation of the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces was obtained under the intraocular pressure (IOP). Then, the surface displacement was converted to wave-front aberrations.
Following conventional refractive surgery, significant deformation of the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces occurred because of the corneal biomechanical effects, resulting in increased residual wave-front aberrations. Deformation of the anterior surface resulted in a hyperopic shift, which was significantly increased with the increasing refractive correction. The residual high-order aberrations consisted of spherical aberration, vertical coma, and y-trefoil. Spherical aberration was significantly positively correlated to enhanced refraction correction. The effect of posterior corneal surface on induced wave-front aberration was less than the anterior corneal surface. The IOP slightly affects the postoperative defocus, coma, and spherical aberration. When treatment decentration occurred during the procedure, the hyperopic shift decreased as the eccentricity increased. Treatment decentration had a significant impact on the spherical aberration and the coma. In addition, the ocular tissue elasticity played a key role in hyperopic shift, whereas it had little effect on the other aberrations.
Among the many factors that affect high-order aberrations after conventional laser refractive surgery, the alterations in corneal morphology caused by biomechanical effects must be considered, as they can lead to an increase in postoperative residual wave-front aberrations.
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