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Junji Hamuro, Hideto Deguchi, Tomoko Fujita, Koji Ueda, Yuichi Tokuda, Nao Hiramoto, Kohsaku Numa, Masakazu Nakano, John Bush, Morio Ueno, Chie Sotozono, Shigeru Kinoshita; Polarized Expression of Ion Channels and Solute Carrier Family Transporters on Heterogeneous Cultured Human Corneal Endothelial Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(5):47. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.5.47.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To clarify the expression profiles of ion channels and transporters of metabolic substrates among heterogeneous cultured human corneal endothelial cells (cHCECs) distinct in their effectiveness in reconstituting the corneal endothelium.
Integrated proteomics for cell lysates by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry was carried out from three aliquots of cHCECs enriched in either cluster of definition (CD)44−/+ (mature) cHCECs or CD44++/+++ cell-state transition (CST) cHCECs. The expression profiles of cations/anions, monocarboxylic acid transporters (MCTs), and solute carrier (SLC) family proteins, as well as carbonic anhydrases (CAs), were investigated.
The polarized expression of cations/anions, MCTs, and SLC family proteins, as well as CAs, was clarified for mature and CST cHCECs. Most SLC4 family members, including SLC4A11 and SLC4A4 (NBCe1), were upregulated in the CST cHCECs, whereas SLC9A1 (Na+/H+ exchanger isoform one [NHE1]) and CA5B were detected only in the mature cHCECs. In addition, SLC25A42, catalyzing the entry of coenzyme A into the mitochondria, and SLC25A18, functioning as a mitochondrial glutamate carrier 2 (both relevant for providing the substrates for mitochondrial bioenergetics), were selectively expressed in the mature cHCECs.
Our findings may suggest the relevance of qualifying the polarized expression of these ion channels and transporter-like proteins to ensure not only the suitability but also the in vivo biological functionality of cHCECs selected for use in a cell-injection therapy.
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