Purchase this article with an account.
Nini Yuan, Mengwei Li, Xiaoxiao Chen, Yiliang Lu, Yuan Fang, Hongliang Gong, Liling Qian, Jihong Wu, Shenghai Zhang, Stewart Shipp, Ian Max Andolina, Xinghuai Sun, Wei Wang; Immediate Impact of Acute Elevation of Intraocular Pressure on Cortical Visual Motion Processing. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(5):59. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.5.59.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To physiologically examine the impairment of cortical sensitivity to visual motion during acute elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP).
Motion processing in the cat brain is well characterized, its X and Y cell visual pathways being functionally analogous to parvocellular and magnocellular pathways in primates. Using this model, we performed ocular anterior chamber perfusion to reversibly elevate IOP over a range from 30 to 90 mm Hg while monitoring cortical activity with intrinsic signal optical imaging. Drifting random-dot fields and gratings were used to characterize cortical population responses to motion direction and orientation in early visual areas 17 and 18.
We found that acute IOP elevations at 50 mm Hg and above, which is often observed in acute glaucoma, suppressed cortical motion direction responses. This suppression was more profound in area 17 than in area 18, and more profound in central than peripheral visual field (eccentricities 0°–4° vs. 4°–8°) within area 17. In addition, orientation responses were more suppressed than motion direction responses for the same IOP modulation.
In contrast to human chronic glaucoma that may cause greater dysfunction in large-cell magnocellular than in small-cell parvocellular visual pathways, our direct measurement of cortical processing networks implies that the small X-cell pathway shows greater vulnerability to acute IOP elevation than the large Y-cell pathway in visual motion processing. The results demonstrate that fine discrimination mechanisms for motion in the central visual field are particularly impacted by acute IOP attacks, suggesting a neural basis for immediate visual deficits in the fine motion perception of acute glaucoma patients.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only