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Lee Mcilreavy, Tom C. A. Freeman, Jonathan T. Erichsen; Two-Dimensional Analysis of Horizontal and Vertical Pursuit in Infantile Nystagmus Reveals Quantitative Deficits in Accuracy and Precision. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(6):15. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.6.15.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Infantile nystagmus (IN) presents with continuous, predominantly horizontal eye oscillations. It remains controversial whether those with IN have normal horizontal pursuit, while vertical pursuit has rarely been studied. We examined whether there are pursuit deficits associated with IN by investigating the effect of target direction, velocity, and amplitude.
Twelve adults with idiopathic IN performed a pursuit task, a 0.4° dot moved either horizontally or vertically at 8 or 16°/s, through amplitudes of 8°, 16°, or 32°. Accuracy and precision errors were computed as bivariate probability density functions of target-relative eye velocities.
Eye velocity was less precise along the horizontal axis during both horizontal and vertical pursuit, reflecting the primary axis of the eye oscillation. Mean accuracy error along the target trajectory during vertical pursuit was just as impaired as during horizontal pursuit. There was a greater error in accuracy along the target trajectory for 16°/s targets than 8°/s. Finally, targets that oscillated at 2.0 Hz had a greater error in accuracy along the target trajectory than frequencies of 1.0 Hz or 0.5 Hz. When studied using the same experimental protocol, pursuit performance for typical observers was always better.
These findings strongly support our hypothesis of severe deficits in pursuit accuracy in observers with IN for horizontally and vertically moving targets, as well as for targets that move at higher speeds or oscillate more quickly. Overall, IN pursuit impairment appears to have previously been underestimated, highlighting a need for further quantitative studies of dynamic visual function in those with IN.
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