June 2020
Volume 61, Issue 7
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2020
Self-reported visual difficulties in Europe and related factors
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Nicolas Leveziel
    Vision and Eye Research Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Ophthalmology, CHU Poitiers, Poitiers, France
  • Simon Marillet
    Ophthalmology, CHU Poitiers, Poitiers, France
  • Tasanee Braithwaite
    Moorfields Eye Hospital, United Kingdom
  • Tunde Peto
    Queen's University Belfast, Ireland
  • Pierre Ingrand
    Ophthalmology, CHU Poitiers, Poitiers, France
  • Shahina Pardhan
    Vision and Eye Research Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • Alain M Bron
    Department of Ophthalmology, Dijon, France
  • Jost Jonas
    Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Germany
  • Serge Resnikoff
    Brien Holden Vision Institute and SOVS, University of New South Wales, Sidney, New South Wales, Australia
  • Julie-Anne Little
    Centre for Optometry & Vision Science, Biomedical Sciences, Ulster University, Ireland
  • Rupert R A Bourne
    Vision and Eye Research Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Nicolas Leveziel, None; Simon Marillet, None; Tasanee Braithwaite, None; Tunde Peto, None; Pierre Ingrand, None; Shahina Pardhan, None; Alain Bron, None; Jost Jonas, None; Serge Resnikoff, None; Julie-Anne Little, None; Rupert Bourne, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  EUROVISION research program H2020-EU.1.3.2
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2020, Vol.61, 87. doi:
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      Nicolas Leveziel, Simon Marillet, Tasanee Braithwaite, Tunde Peto, Pierre Ingrand, Shahina Pardhan, Alain M Bron, Jost Jonas, Serge Resnikoff, Julie-Anne Little, Rupert R A Bourne; Self-reported visual difficulties in Europe and related factors. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(7):87.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose :
Data on population-based self-reported vision problems are missing in European countries.
The aim of the study was to investigate Self-reported vision problems in a European population-based survey.

Methods :
Cross-sectional demographic and socio-economic data were extracted from a standardized questionnaire applied to non institutionalized individuals aged 15 years or more in 28 European countries, in addition to Iceland and Norway.

Results :
311,386 individuals (54.18% women) were included in the survey. The overall prevalence of self-reported vision problems was 2.07% [2.01 - 2.14]. Among them, 1.58% [1.49 – 1.66] of men, 2.54% [2.44 – 2.64] of women and 4.71% [4.53 - 4.89] of individuals aged 60 or more declared to have a lot of vision problems or to be not able to see. Limiting long-standing illness, depression, social isolation, lack of physical activity, lower educational level and daily smocking were associated in multivariate analyses with self-reported vision problems with Ors of 2.66 [2.42 - 2.92], 2.16 [2.01 – 2.32], 1.45 [1.26 - 1.67], 1.31 [1.21 - 1.42], 1.29 [1.19 - 1.40] and 1.11 [1.01 - 1.23] respectively, while higher income was associated with less self-reported vision problems with OR of 0.80 [0.73 - 0.86].

Conclusions :
This study demonstrated inequalities in terms of prevalence of self-reported vision problems in Europe, with higher prevalence in Eastern European countries and among women and older individuals.

This is a 2020 ARVO Annual Meeting abstract.

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