June 2020
Volume 61, Issue 7
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2020
Improving performance on the annual resident in service exam: a comparative study of independent study, lectures, and examinations
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Michael Tseng
    Montefiore, New York, New York, United States
  • Moonseong Heo
    Clemson University, South Carolina, United States
  • Anne Barmettler
    Montefiore, New York, New York, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Michael Tseng, None; Moonseong Heo, None; Anne Barmettler, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2020, Vol.61, 5428. doi:
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      Michael Tseng, Moonseong Heo, Anne Barmettler; Improving performance on the annual resident in service exam: a comparative study of independent study, lectures, and examinations. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(7):5428.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : To analyze the effect of independent study, lectures, and quizzes on OKAP exam results.

Methods : This is a retrospective, comparative cohort study, which used OKAP scores from 2014-2016 to evaluate the effectiveness of independent study alone versus lectures versus a combination of lectures and quizzes. The first year, residents independently prepared for the "Orbit, eyelids, and lacrimal system" subcategory of the OKAP. The next year, structured oculoplastics lectures were implemented into the resident curriculum. The final year, interactive quizzes were added to the oculoplastics lecture series. All other subcategories received lectures only for all three years.

Results : The combination of lectures and quizzes showed statistically significant improvements in OKAP scores when compared to independent study (p=0.025). Scores from the lecture group trended upwards when compared to independent study, as did the combination of lectures and quizzes compared to lectures without quizzes, but these were not statistically significant (p=0.24 and p=0.59, respectively).

Conclusions : The use of lectures and examinations resulted in statistically significantly higher in-service exam results over independent study alone. The use of these teaching methods can be considered in programs seeking to improve resident education outcomes.

This is a 2020 ARVO Annual Meeting abstract.

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