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Tatiana Rosenblatt, Daniel Vail, Namrata Saroj, Nick Boucher, Darius Moshfeghi, Andrew A Moshfeghi; Epidemiology of common retinal diseases in retina practices in the United States. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(7):4186.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Historical studies of the incidence of retinal diseases have yielded heterogeneous estimates and have been drawn from disparate countries over non-overlapping time periods. An updated estimate of the current incidence and prevalence of retinal diseases in the United States would be a valuable addition to the epidemiologic literature.
Retrospective study of electronic medical records from Vestrum Health Retina Database, a geographically diverse sample of retina providers in the United States. Eyes with diagnosis code for wet and dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic macular edema (DME), diabetic retinopathy (DR), branch or central retinal vein occlusion (BRVO; CRVO) between January 2014 and December 2018 across 57 retina practices were evaluated to characterize the types of patients being examined at these practices.
Our sample comprised over 5 million eyes. Of all the eyes examined during this period, 689,161 (13.3%) had wet AMD, 852,390 (16.4%) had dry AMD, 512,100 (9.9%) had DME, 411,374 (7.9%) had DR without DME, 134,192 (2.6%) had BRVO and 92,578 (1.8%) had CRVO. Similar distributions were observed when examined geographically (Midwest, Northeast, Southeast, Southwest and West). New diagnoses amongst this study population are provided in Table 1.
Based on geographically diverse database of electronic medical records from retina clinics in the United States, AMD is the most common diagnosis (~30%) followed by diabetic eye disease (~17%). Over a 5-year period, the annual incidence of the most common retinal diseases evaluated in this study continued to increase across the retina practices included in this analysis.
This is a 2020 ARVO Annual Meeting abstract.
Table 1: Distinct number of eyes seen per year in which the patient was new to the practice and was first diagnosed with the associated condition
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