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Madison Wahl, Alyssa Marie Kretz, Jonathan Callan, Hursuong Vongsachang, Amanda Inns, M. Rani Mukherjee, David S Friedman, Megan E Collins; Strategies for Success: Parent perspectives on school-based vision programs. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(7):241.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
School-based vision programs are rising in popularity as a way to meet the vision needs of students in the school setting. While parental engagement is critical to the success of these programs, research on parent perspectives about school-based delivery of eye care is lacking. We report on a qualitative analysis of parental suggestions to improve existing school-based vision programs and aid in the development of future programs.
Data were collected from twenty parent focus groups, totaling 90 participants, in Baltimore, MD and Chicago, IL where school-based vision programs were operating. A demographic survey was implemented partway through the completion of focus groups, following IRB approval. Focus groups were recorded, audio-transcribed, and coded using inductive thematic analysis. Coded transcripts were first analyzed separately by city, and then together to create a broad understanding of parent suggestions.
Parent suggestions fell into three general categories: (1) communication, (2) education, and (3) eyeglasses resources. Flyers, phone calls, and online media were the most frequently suggested methods for communication. Parents requested education regarding their child’s screening outcome, instructions for eyeglasses use, and eye care recommendations. Parents also suggested specific eyeglasses resources to assist in compliance and maintenance, including lanyards and receiving multiple pairs of eyeglasses.
Parent suggestions about school-based vision programs focused largely on increased communication and education, in addition to resources that reinforce benefits obtained from the program in a home setting. Parents were interested in developing a patient-provider relationship despite care being provided in a non-traditional healthcare setting. School-based vision programs can work with school staff and existing infrastructure to meet the needs of parents. Collectively, these parental suggestions provide a framework for the information parents would like to know about school-based programs and opportunities to strengthen program-parent engagement.
This is a 2020 ARVO Annual Meeting abstract.
Table 1: Self-reported demographic information for 53 participants**IRB approval to administer demographic surveys was issued partway through focus group completion, so demographic data is provided for only 53 of the 90 participants.
Table 2: Parent suggestions for program improvement ** Some parents expressed aversion to this idea.
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