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Qingshu Ge, Zidong Chen, Zitian Liu, Jing Samantha Pan, Yun Wen, Jinrong Li, Lei Feng, Junpeng Yuan, Daming Deng, Minbin Yu; Quantifying Nasotemporal Asymmetry of Interocular Suppression in Alternating Strabismus After Correction. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(8):6. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.8.6.
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This study identifies and characterizes the nasotemporal hemifield difference of interocular suppression in subjects who have been successfully treated for strabismus.
Interocular suppression in the nasal and temporal hemifields were measured using two methods, namely, binocular phase combination and dichoptic motion coherence, both entailed suprathreshold stimuli. We tested 29 clinical subjects, who had strabismus (19 with exotropia and 10 with esotropia) but regained good ocular alignment (within 10 prism diopters) after surgical or refractive correction, and 10 control subjects.
Both the hemifield binocular phase combination and the hemifield dichoptic motion coherence tests revealed similar nasotemporal asymmetry of interocular suppression. Subjects with previous exotropia showed deeper suppression in the nasal hemifield, and those with previous esotropia showed deeper suppression in the temporal hemifield. This finding was consistent with the hemifield suppression theory. Furthermore, there was deeper suppression but less imbalance of nasotemporal asymmetry in the hemifield dichoptic motion coherence test. Finally, clinical stereopsis and the nasotemporal asymmetry of suppression (P < 0.05 in both tests) were negatively correlated in subjects with previous exotropia and measurable stereopsis.
Hemifield asymmetry of interocular suppression in corrected strabismus can be measured by using static and dynamic suprathreshold stimuli. Thus, the evaluation of binocular vision in strabismus should focus on both the magnitude and the pattern of interocular suppression.
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