Purchase this article with an account.
Weijie Zhang, Fei Yu, Chenxi Yan, Chunyi Shao, Ping Gu, Yao Fu, Hao Sun, Xianqun Fan; PTEN Inhibition Accelerates Corneal Endothelial Wound Healing through Increased Endothelial Cell Division and Migration. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(8):19. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.8.19.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the role of phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) in the regulation of corneal endothelial cell (CECs) focusing on proliferation and migration, and to further evaluate the application of PTEN inhibitors in the treatment of corneal endothelial dysfunction in a rat model.
Expression of PTEN in human and rat corneal endothelium was determined by immunocytochemistry, western blotting, and ELISA. A small molecular inhibitor of PTEN, bpV(pic), was applied in the culture of human CEC cell line B4G12 and organ-cultured rat cornea in the presence of transforming growth factor beta 2 (TGF-β2). Cell cycle status was detected by flow cytometry and BrdU staining. Subcellular localization for endogenous p27Kip1 was detected by immunocytochemistry and western blotting. Moreover, exogenous transfected YFP-p27Kip1 was observed under a fluorescent microscope. Cell migration was examined with a wound scratch model and transwell invasion assay. Finally, bpV(pic) was intracamerally injected in a rat corneal endothelial injury model. The wound healing process was evaluated by slit lamp biomicroscopy, optical coherence tomography, histological and scanning electron microscope examination.
The expression of PTEN in human corneal endothelium was higher compared with rat, which we speculate was mostly responsible for the relatively less proliferation capacity of human CEC than rat. PTEN inhibition by bpV(pic) could reverse TGF-β2-induced CEC G1-arrest by alleviating p27Kip1 nuclear accumulation and decreasing total p27Kip1 expression. In addition, bpV(pic) promoted CEC migration, which acted synergistically with TGF-β2. Finally, intracameral injection of bpV(pic) could promote corneal endothelial wound healing in a rat model.
Our study provided experimental basis for the development of therapeutic agent targeting on PTEN for the treatment of corneal endothelial dysfunction.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only