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Hang-Jing Wu, John Kuchtey, Rachel W. Kuchtey; Increased Susceptibility to Glaucomatous Damage in Microfibril Deficient Mice. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(10):28. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.10.28.
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To test whether mice with microfibril deficiency due to the Tsk mutation of fibrillin-1 (Fbn1Tsk/+) have increased susceptibility to pressure-induced retinal ganglion cell (RGC) degeneration.
Intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation was induced in Fbn1Tsk/+ and wild type (wt) mice by injecting microbeads into the anterior chamber. Mice were then followed up for four months, with IOP measurements every three to six days. Retinas were stained for Brn3a to determine RGC number. Optic nerve cross-sections were stained with p-phenylene diamine to determine nerve area, axon number, and caliber and thickness of the pia mater.
Microbead injection induced significant IOP elevation that was significantly less for Fbn1Tsk/+ mice compared with wt. The optic nerves and optic nerve axons were larger, and the elastic fiber-rich pia mater was thinner in Fbn1Tsk/+ mice. Microbead injection resulted in reduced optic nerve size, thicker pia mater, and a slight decrease in axon size. Fbn1Tsk/+ mice had significantly greater loss of RGCs and optic nerve axons compared with wt (14.8% vs. 5.8%, P = 0.002, and 17.0% vs. 7.5%, P = 0.002, respectively).
Fbn1Tsk/+ mice had altered optic nerve structure as indicated by larger optic nerves, larger optic nerve axons and thinner pia mater, consistent with our previous findings. Despite lower IOP elevation, Fbn1Tsk/+ mice had greater loss of RGCs and optic nerve axons, suggesting increased susceptibility to IOP-induced optic nerve degeneration in microfibril-deficient mice.
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