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Linjiang Lou, Lisa A. Ostrin; Effects of Narrowband Light on Choroidal Thickness and the Pupil. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(10):40. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.10.40.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To determine the effects of narrowband light exposure on choroidal thickness and the pupil response in humans.
Twenty subjects, ages 21 to 43 years, underwent 1 hour of exposure to broadband, short wavelength “blue,” or long wavelength “red” light, or darkness. Choroidal thickness, imaged with spectral domain optical coherence tomography, axial length, determined from biometry, and rod/cone- and intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cell-driven pupil responses were measured before and after exposure. Pupil stimuli were six 1 second alternating red (651 nm) and blue (456 nm) stimuli, 60 seconds apart. Pupil metrics included maximum constriction and the 6 second post-illumination pupil response (PIPR).
Compared with before exposure, the choroid significantly thinned after broadband light, red light, and dark exposure (all P < 0.05), but not after blue light exposure (P = 0.39). The maximum constriction to 1 second red stimuli significantly decreased after all light exposures (all P < 0.001), but increased after dark exposure (P = 0.02), compared with before exposure. Maximum constriction and 6-second PIPR to 1 second blue stimuli significantly decreased after all light exposures compared with before exposure (all P < 0.005), with no change after dark exposure (P > 0.05). There were no differences in axial length change or 6-second PIPR to red stimuli between exposures.
Narrowband blue and red light exposure induced differential changes in choroidal thickness. Maximum constriction, a function of rod/cone activity, and the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cell-mediated PIPR were attenuated after all light exposures. Findings demonstrate differing effects of short-term narrowband light and dark exposure on the choroid, rod/cone activity, and intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells.
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