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Tatsuya Inoue, Kosuke Nakajima, Yohei Hashimoto, Shotaro Asano, Kohdai Kitamoto, Kunihiro Azuma, Keiko Azuma, Kazuaki Kadonosono, Ryo Obata, Ryo Asaoka; A Prediction Method of Visual Field Sensitivity Using Fundus Autofluorescence Images in Patients With Retinitis Pigmentosa. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(10):51. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.10.51.
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and visual field (VF) sensitivities in eyes with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). We also investigated the model we developed to predict VF sensitivity using the FAF ring and its prediction accuracy.
The training dataset consisted of 51 eyes of 28 patients, and the testing dataset consisted of 42 eyes of 25 patients with RP. VF and FAF measurements were conducted using the Humphrey Field Analyzer (HFA) 10-2 test and Optos. The HFA 10-2 test was divided into three sectors according to the association with the FAF (IN, ON, and OUT). Moreover, concentric curves were drawn at 1-degree intervals outside the FAF ring and OUT was divided into six sectors (from OUT1 to OUT6 toward the periphery). Finally, the total deviation (TD) value was predicted using age and visual acuity (VA) in the whole field, and each of the eight sectors was compared.
The TD value decreased significantly from IN, ON, and then toward OUT6. The absolute prediction error with the FAF ring (average, 7.6 dB) was significantly smaller than that without the FAF ring (average, 8.7 dB). The absolute prediction error with the FAF ring was significantly smaller in the central areas (IN, 4.4 dB and ON, 5.3 dB) than those in the peripheral areas (OUT1–6, 6.8–9.1 dB).
VF sensitivity decreases in association with the FAF ring. We developed a model to predict 10-2 VF sensitivity values using the FAF ring, which enabled us to predict 10-2 TD values.
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