Purchase this article with an account.
Sonali Pal-Ghosh, Gauri Tadvalkar, Beverly A. Karpinski, Mary Ann Stepp; Diurnal Control of Sensory Axon Growth and Shedding in the Mouse Cornea. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(11):1. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.11.1.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
The circadian clock plays an important role in the expression and regulation of various genes and cellular processes in the body. Here, we study diurnal regulation of the growth and shedding of the sensory axons in the mouse cornea.
Male and female BALB/cN mice were euthanized 90 minutes before and after the lights are turned on and off; at 5:30 AM, 8:30 AM, 5:30 PM, and 8:30 PM. Nerve terminal growth, shedding and overall axon density were assessed at these four time points using confocal imaging after staining axons in en face whole mount corneas with antibodies against βIII tubulin, GAP43, and L1CAM. In addition, corneal epithelial cell proliferation, thickness, and desquamation were assessed using ki67, LAMP1, Involucrin, and ZO1.
Nerve terminal shedding took place between 5:30 AM and 8:30 AM and correlated positively with the timing of apical cell desquamation. After shedding the tips of the nerve terminals, axonal growth increased as indicated by increased axonal GAP43 expression. At 5:30 PM and 8:30 PM before and after the lights are turned off, cell proliferation was reduced, and epithelial thickness was maximal.
Intraepithelial corneal nerve growth and shedding are under diurnal control regulated by the time of day and whether lights are on or off. Axons extend during the day and are shed within 90 minutes after lights are turned on. The data presented in this article shed light on the potential role that circadian clock plays in corneal pain and discomfort.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only