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Jin Sun Hwang, Dae Joong Ma, Jinju Choi, Young Joo Shin; COL8A2 Regulates the Fate of Corneal Endothelial Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(11):26. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.11.26.
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To investigate the effect of COL8A2 repression on corneal endothelial cells (CECs) in vitro and in vivo.
Cultured human CECs (hCECs) were transfected with COL8A2 siRNA (siCOL8A2), and the cell viability and proliferation rate were measured. The expression of cell proliferation–associated molecules was evaluated by Western blotting and real-time reverse transcription PCR. Cell shape, Wingless-INT (WNT) signaling, and mitochondrial oxidative stress were also measured. For in vivo experiments, siCOL8A2 was transfected into rat CECs (rCECs), and corneal opacity and corneal endothelium were evaluated.
After transfection with siCOL8A2, COL8A2 expression was reduced (80%). Cell viability, cell proliferation rate, cyclin D1 expression, and the number of cells in the S-phase were reduced in siCOL8A2-treated cells. The cell attained a fibroblast-like shape, and SNAI1, pSMAD2, and β-catenin expression, along with mitochondrial mass and oxidative stress levels, were altered. Corneal opacity increased, and the CECs were changed in rats in the siCOL8A2 group.
COL8A2 is required to maintain normal wound healing and CEC function.
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