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Diane N. Sayah, Javier Mazzaferri, Denise Descovich, Santiago Costantino, Mark R. Lesk; The Association Between Ocular Rigidity and Neuroretinal Damage in Glaucoma. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(13):11. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.13.11.
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Ocular rigidity (OR) is an important biomechanical property, thought to be relevant in the pathophysiology of open-angle glaucoma (OAG). This study aims to evaluate the relationship between OR and neuroretinal damage caused by glaucoma.
One hundred eight subjects (22 with healthy eyes, 23 with suspect discs, and 63 with OAG) were included in this study. OR was measured using a noninvasive optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based method developed by our group. We also measured central corneal thickness (CCT), corneal hysteresis (CH), and corneal resistance factor (CRF). Pearson and partial correlations were performed to evaluate the relationship between OR and glaucomatous damage represented by ganglion cell complex (GCC), retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thicknesses, and neuroretinal rim area.
Significant positive correlations were found between OR and minimum GCC thickness (r = 0.325, P = 0.001), average GCC thickness (r = 0.320, P = 0.002), rim area (r = 0.344, P < 0.001), and RNFL thickness in the superior (r = 0.225, P = 0.023), and inferior (r = 0.281, P = 0.004) quadrants. These correlations were generally greater than those found for CCT, CH, and CRF. Furthermore, no correlation was found between OR and corneal biomechanical parameters. After adjusting for age, sex, and ethnicity, significant correlations were found between OR and minimum and average GCC thickness (r = 0.357, P = 0.001 and r = 0.344, P = 0.001, respectively), rim area (r = 0.327, P = 0.001), average RNFL thickness (r = 0.331, P = 0.001), and RNFL thickness in the superior (r = 0.296, P = 0.003) and inferior (r = 0.317, P = 0.001) quadrants.
In this study, we found a positive correlation between structural OCT-based parameters and OR, indicating more neuroretinal damage in eyes with lower OR. These findings could provide insight into the pathophysiology of OAG.
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