Purchase this article with an account.
Yutaka Kato, Yasuharu Oguchi, Tomoko Omori, Hiroaki Shintake, Ryutaro Tomita, Akihito Kasai, Masashi Ogasawara, Yukinori Sugano, Kanako Itagaki, Akira Ojima, Takeshi Machida, Hideharu Sekine, Tetsuju Sekiryu; Complement Activation Products and Cytokines in Pachychoroid Neovasculopathy and Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(13):39. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.13.39.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the characteristics of complement activation products and angiogenic cytokines in the aqueous humor in eyes with pachychoroid neovasculopathy (PNV) and neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD).
This was a prospective, comparative, observational study. All patients with choroidal neovascularization were classified as PNV without polyps, PNV with polyps (polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy [PCV]), or drusen-associated nAMD according to the presence or absence of pachychoroid features and soft drusen. This study included a total of 105 eyes. Aqueous humor samples were collected from 25 eyes with PNV without polyps, 23 eyes with PCV, and 24 eyes with drusen-associated nAMD before intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injection and cataract surgery in 33 control eyes. Clinical samples were measured for complement component 3a (C3a), C4a, C5a, VEGF, and macrophage chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) using a bead-based immunoassay.
C3a and MCP-1 levels were significantly higher in PCV (P = 0.032 and P = 0.039, respectively) and drusen-associated nAMD (P = 0.01 for both comparisons) than in controls, and no difference was seen in C3a and MCP-1 levels between PNV and controls (P = 0.747 and P = 0.294, respectively). VEGF levels were significantly higher in PNV (P = 0.016), PCV (P = 0.009), and drusen-associated nAMD (P = 0.043) than in controls. In PNV, the VEGF levels elevated without elevated C3a and MCP-1.
PNV, PCV, and drusen-associated nAMD had significantly distinct profiles of complement activation products and cytokines in the aqueous humor.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only