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Felix Streckenbach, Oliver Stachs, Sönke Langner, Rudolf F. Guthoff, Felix G. Meinel, Marc-André Weber, Thomas Stahnke, Ebba Beller; Age-Related Changes of the Human Crystalline Lens on High-Spatial Resolution Three-Dimensional T1-Weighted Brain Magnetic Resonance Images In Vivo. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(14):7. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.14.7.
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To reveal age-related changes of the human crystalline lens by using high-spatial resolution T1-weighted brain magnetic resonance imaging of patients under general anesthesia.
We retrospectively identified 47 children (2–17 years) and 30 adults (18–70 years) without diabetes or eye disease, who required brain magnetic resonance imaging examinations under general anesthesia between 2012 and 2019. Normalized signal intensity of the crystalline lens and vitreous body, as well as equatorial diameter and axial thickness of the lens were assessed by using a three-dimensional T1-weighted magnetization prepared rapid acquisition gradient echo sequence of the brain with 0.9-mm spatial resolution. Patient dossiers were reviewed to record indication for magnetic resonance imaging examination and hypertension.
Advancing age was significantly correlated with increasing equatorial diameter of the infantile lens (r = 0. 74; 95% confidence interval, 0.58–0.85; P < .0001) and increasing crystalline lens signal intensity of the adult lens (r = 0.38; 95% confidence interval, 0.02–0.65; P = .0382), which remained significant after accounting for potential confounding variables. There was no significant correlation between age and axial thickness or vitreous body signal intensity in the children and adult cohort.
The present study demonstrated that advancing age was significantly correlated with an increasing equatorial diameter of the infantile lens and with increasing crystalline lens signal intensity of the adult lens. These normative data can contribute to our understanding of age-related changes in eye health and function, especially in regard to the emmetropization process and should also be taken into account when investigating lens pathologies.
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