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Kohsaku Numa, Morio Ueno, Tomoko Fujita, Koji Ueda, Nao Hiramoto, Atushi Mukai, Yuichi Tokuda, Masakazu Nakano, Chie Sotozono, Shigeru Kinoshita, Junji Hamuro; Mitochondria as a Platform for Dictating the Cell Fate of Cultured Human Corneal Endothelial Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(14):10. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.14.10.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Aiming to clarify the role of mitochondria in cell fate decision of cultured human corneal endothelial cell (cHCEC) subpopulations.
The mitochondrial respiratory ability were examined with Mito stress and Mito fuel flex test assays using an extracellular flux analyzer (XFe24; Agilent Technologies; Santa Clara, CA) for human corneal endothelium tissues, mature cHCECs and a variety of cell state transitioned cHCECs. Tricarboxylic acid cycle and acetyl-coenzyme A–related enzymes was analyzed by proteomics for cell lysates using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry for cHCEC subpopulations.
The maximum oxygen consumption rate was found to become stable depending on the maturation of cHCECs. In the Mito stress tests, culture supplements, epidermal growth factor, SB203580, and SB431543 significantly repressed oxygen consumption rate, whereas a Rho-associated protein kinase inhibitor Y-27632 increased. Tricarboxylic acid cycle and mitochondria acetyl-coenzyme A–related enzymes were selectively upregulated in mature cHCECs, but not in cell state transitioned cHCECs. The maximum oxygen consumption rate was found to be higher in healthy human corneal endothelium tissues than those with deeply reduced cell density. An upregulated tricarboxylic acid cycle was linked with metabolic rewiring converting cHCECs to acquire the mitochondria-dependent oxidative phenotype.
Mitochondrial metabolic intermediates and energy metabolism are tightly linked to the endothelial cell fate and function. These findings will help us to standardize a protocol for endothelial cell injection.
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