Purchase this article with an account.
Ji Won Min, Hyung Duk Kim, Sang Yoon Park, Jun Hyuk Lee, Jae Hyun Park, Anna Lee, Ho Ra, Jiwon Baek; Relationship Between Retinal Capillary Nonperfusion Area and Renal Function in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2020;61(14):14. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.14.14.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
We sought to assess the relationship between retinal nonperfusion area (NPA) on ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography (UWFA) and renal function in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) and nephropathy.
UWFA was performed in 248 eyes (124 patients) with DR, comprising 94 eyes from patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) caused by diabetes and 154 eyes without CKD (non-CKD). Serum creatinine level (Cr), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR), and urine protein/creatinine ratio (UPCR) were collected. On UWFA, retinal NPA was measured in an automated manner. The correlation between NPA and renal function was analyzed.
The mean NPA value of the total eye was 33.11 ± 45.77-disc diameter (DA) in non-CKD and 100.57 ± 69.52 in CKD (P < 0.001). NPA of posterior pole was 1.21 ± 3.28 DA in non-CKD and 7.99 ± 6.75 in CKD group (P < 0.001). The NPA values of both the total eye and posterior pole were significantly correlated with Cr (r = 0.585 and 0.483), eGFR (r = −0.572 and −0.524), UACR (r = 0.541 and 0.482), and UPCR (r = 0.509 and 0.529, respectively) (all P ≤ 0.001). Linear modeling encompassing all clinical factors and relative clinical factors suggested eGFR as the most important predictor for NPAs of the total eye and posterior pole.
Larger retinal NPA on UWFA is associated with worse renal function in DM patients. Renal function can be used to predict retinal NPA in type 2 DM patients with nephropathy and DR.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only