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Satoshi Ueki, Yuji Suzuki, Hironaka Igarashi; Retinal Aquaporin-4 and Regulation of Water Inflow Into the Vitreous Body. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(2):24. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.2.24.
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Details of the posterior eye water dynamics are unclear. Aquaporin-4 (AQP4), a water channel, plays an important role in water dynamics in the central nervous system and is also present in the ocular tissue. The purpose of this study was to reveal the role of AQP4 in the water dynamics of the posterior eye using in vivo JJ vicinal coupling proton exchange (JJVCPE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of AQP4 knockout (KO) mice and their wild-type littermates (controls).
JJVCPE MRI of the eye was performed on five AQP4 KO mice and seven control mice. We assessed the normalized signal intensities of a region of interest (ROI) set in the vitreous body after H217O administration. The results of the two groups were compared using a two-tailed Mann-Whitney U test.
A statistical analysis revealed that the normalized ROI signal intensities at the steady state were significantly lower (P = 0.010, <0.05) in the AQP4 KO mice (mean ± SD, 84.5% ± 2.7%) than the controls (mean ± SD, 88.8% ± 1.9%).
The present study using JJVCPE MRI of the eye demonstrated that retinal AQP4 has a potential role in the regulation of water inflow into the vitreous body. Absence of AQP4 in the KO mice probably induces lower water outflow from the vitreous body. Our results could help clarify the pathogenesis of various ocular diseases.
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