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Yun Hsia, Chien-Chia Su, Tsing-Hong Wang, Jehn-Yu Huang; Posture-Related Changes of Intraocular Pressure in Patients With Acute Primary Angle Closure. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(2):37. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.2.37.
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To evaluate the posture-related change in intraocular pressure (IOP) of eyes with angle-closure disease and the associated factors.
Eyes were prospectively enrolled and divided into three groups: eyes with acute primary angle-closure (APAC), fellow eyes of acute primary angle-closure (FAPAC), and eyes with nonacute primary angle-closure disease (PACD). All of them had been treated with laser peripheral iridotomy. IOP was measured in the sitting, supine, and lateral decubitus positions (LDP) five minutes after posture change. Anterior chamber angle parameters and angle-closure mechanism were evaluated by anterior segment optical coherence tomography.
Forty-four eyes were enrolled into each group. APAC eyes showed more LDP-Sitting IOP increase than fellow eyes (5.7 ± 2.7 vs. 2.2 ± 1.4 mm Hg, P < 0.001) and nonacute PACD eyes (3.6 ± 2.0 mm Hg, P < 0.001). LDP-sitting IOP change was higher in eyes with exaggerated lens vault (having shallow anterior chamber and volcano-like iris-lens configuration) than in those without it (APAC: 6.3 ± 2.6 vs. 3.9 ± 2.1 mm Hg, P = 0.011). Linear regression revealed that LDP-sitting IOP change in the APAC group was negatively associated with angle opening distance (AOD), trabecular iris space area, scleral spur angle, and anterior chamber depth (ACD1000). With multivariable stepwise regression analysis, AOD750 remained statistically significant (beta-coefficient = −8.36, P = 0.014).
APAC eyes had significant posture-related IOP changes, associated with narrower angle structures and exaggerated lens vault.
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