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Tadanobu Yoshikawa, Kenji Obayashi, Kimie Miyata, Keigo Saeki, Nahoko Ogata; Association Between the Asymmetric Dimethylarginine Levels and Glaucoma Severity: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the LIGHT Study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(4):7. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.4.7.
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Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), a potent endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, may be involved in the pathophysiology of glaucoma by dysfunctioning nitric oxide and oxidative stress. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the serum ADMA level is associated with the severity of glaucoma.
One hundred twenty-five patients with glaucoma (mean age 69.4 years) were analyzed in this cross-sectional study. The severity of glaucoma was determined by the visual field mean deviation in the worse eye; severe, a mean deviation ≤ −12 dB; and mild, a mean deviation > −12 dB. The serum ADMA levels were classified into three groups according to tertiles; low (T1), intermediate (T2), and high group (T3).
The mean serum ADMA levels in the severe glaucoma group was significantly higher than that in the mild glaucoma group (0.41 vs. 0.39 µmol/L; P = 0.031). A significantly higher prevalence of patients with severe glaucoma was found in the T3 group than that in the T1 group (T1, 44.7% and T3, 68.2%; P = 0.018). In the multivariable logistic regression analysis adjusted for the potential confounders, e.g., age, sex, obesity, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and renal function, the odds ratio for severe glaucoma in the T3 group was significantly higher than that in the T1 group (odds ratio 3.02; 95% confidence interval 1.04 to 8.79; P = 0.043).
A significant association between higher serum ADMA levels and severe glaucoma was found, and this association remained significant after adjusting for the potential confounders.
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