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Yong Woo Kim, Jin Ju Choi, Michael J. A. Girard, Jean Martial Mari, Dong Gyu Choi, Ki Ho Park; Longitudinal Observation of Border Tissue Configuration During Axial Elongation in Childhood. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(4):10. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.4.10.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the change of border tissue configuration during axial elongation in childhood.
Fifty-four subjects (108 eyes; age range, 29.3–132.5 months) who had undergone a series of swept-source optical coherence tomography scans at intervals of 6 months or longer were classified into stable axial length (AXL) eyes (n = 55; AXL change of ≤0.36 mm) and elongating AXL eyes (n = 53; AXL change of >0.36 mm). The angle between the Bruch's membrane opening (BMO) reference plane and the border tissue of Elschnig was defined as the border tissue angle (BTA). The border tissue angle, BMO distance (BMOD) and minimum rim width (MRW) were measured in the temporal and nasal regions.
During 15.6 ± 7.2 months of follow-up, the AXL significantly increased from 22.8 ± 1.3 mm to 23.3 ± 1.4 mm (P < 0.001). Changes of border tissue angle and AXL showed a significant correlation only in the temporal region of elongating AXL eyes (r = –0.409; P = 0.002), but not in stable AXL eyes. Both BMOD and nasal MRW significantly increased from 1482.5 ± 153.0 to 1506.1 ± 154.6 µm and from 310.6 ± 83.2 to 324.6 ± 95.6 µm, respectively (all Ps < 0.001). The changes of BMOD and nasal MRW showed a significant positive correlation with changes of AXL in elongating AXL eyes but not in stable AXL eyes.
During the axial elongation in childhood, temporal border tissue configuration change, BMO enlargement, and nasal peripapillary tissue elevation showed a significant correlation with changes in the AXL.
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