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Christopher A. Girkin, Akram Belghith, Christopher Bowd, Felipe A. Medeiros, Robert N. Weinreb, Jeffrey M. Liebmann, James A. Proudfoot, Linda M. Zangwill, Massimo A. Fazio; Racial Differences in the Rate of Change in Anterior Lamina Cribrosa Surface Depth in the African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(4):12. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.4.12.
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The purpose of this study was to determine if the rate of change in the depth of the surface of the lamina cribrosa due to glaucomatous remodeling differs between glaucoma patients of African descent (AD) and European descent (ED).
There were 1122 images taken longitudinally over an average of 3 years (range = 0.9–4.1 years) from 122 patients with glaucoma followed in the African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES) and Diagnostic Intervention and Glaucoma Study (DIGS) were automatically segmented to compute anterior lamina cribrosa surface depth (ALCSD). The rate of ALCSD change was compared across racial groups after adjusting for baseline characteristics known to be associated with ALCSD or disease progression (visual field, ALCSD, corneal thickness, optic disk size, and age).
After adjusting for all other covariates, the ED group had significantly greater ALCSD posterior migration (deepening) than the AD group (difference = 2.57 µm/year, P = 0.035). There was a wider range of ALCSD change in the ED compared with the AD group, and more individuals had greater magnitude of both deepening and shallowing. No other covariates measured at baseline had independent effects on the longitudinal changes in ALCSD (baseline visual field severity, baseline ALCSD, corneal thickness, Bruch's membrane opening [BMO] area, or age).
Glaucomatous remodeling of the lamina cribrosa differs between AD and ED patients with glaucoma. Unlike the cross-sectional associations seen with aging, in which a deeper ALCSD was seen with age in the ED group, glaucomatous remodeling in this longitudinal study resulted in more posterior migration of ALCSD in ED compared to AD patients.
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