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Hyun-Kyung Cho, Jong Chul Han, Jin A. Choi, Jae Eun Chae, Rock Bum Kim; Association Between Chronic Renal Disease and the Risk of Glaucoma Development: A 12-year Nationwide Cohort Study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(6):27. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.6.27.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
The purpose of this study was to present the results of our investigation into the risk of glaucoma development in patients with chronic renal disease (CRD).
The present retrospective cohort study used the Korean National Health Insurance Service data, which consisted of 1,025,340 random subjects who were tracked from 2002 to 2013. Newly diagnosed glaucoma and CRD were included on the basis of the Korean Classification of Disease codes. The CRD group consisted of patients who received an initial CRD diagnosis between January 2003 and December 2007 as an index period (n = 3640). The control group (n = 17,971) was selected using 1:5 propensity-score matching using social and demographic factors, along with the year of enrollment. Each group subject was followed until 2013. We used multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis to compare the risk of glaucoma development between the two groups.
Glaucoma consecutively developed in 4.3% in the CRD group and 2.8% in the control group (P < 0.0001). CRD increased the risk of glaucoma development (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.34–1.98] after adjusting for age, sex, comorbidities, residence, household income, and the year of enrollment. In multivariate Cox regression analysis, patients with comorbidity of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or aged ≥ 50 years showed a significantly higher risk of glaucoma development (all P < 0.008).
A significant association between CRD and following development of glaucoma was revealed after adjusting the potential confounding factors.
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