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Ye Zhang, Ravi Thomas, Qing Zhang, Si Zhen Li, Ning Li Wang; Progression of Primary Angle Closure Suspect to Primary Angle Closure and Associated Risk Factors: The Handan Eye Study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(7):2. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.7.2.
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To investigate the progression of angle closure from primary angle closure suspect (PACS) and associated risk factors over five years in rural Chinese adults.
In this population-based cohort study, subjects aged ≥30 years old with unilateral or bilateral PACS at baseline of the Handan Eye Study who participated in the follow-up and had undergone baseline and follow-up gonioscopic examinations were included. The progression of angle closure was defined as the presence of primary angle closure (PAC)/primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) during the follow-up in subjects with PACS at baseline. Ocular data from the right eye were used for cases with bilateral PACS and unilateral PACS in the right eye at baseline. For those with unilateral PACS in the left eye at baseline, ocular data from the left eye were used. Demographic information, ocular conditions, personal history, and systemic comorbidities were compared between the progression and nonprogression groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify the baseline risk factors for progression of angle closure.
In total, 526 subjects (111 male, 415 female) with baseline PACS were finally enrolled. The overall progression of PACS to angle closure was 32 cases (31 PAC, 1 PACG). Logistic regression analysis identified narrower mean angle width (P < 0.001) to be associated with the progression.
We report the progression from baseline PACS to PAC/PACG after five years. And baseline mean angle width was determined to be independent predictive risk factor for the progression of angle closure.
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