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Shuichiro Aoki, Atsuya Miki, Takashi Omoto, Yuri Fujino, Masato Matsuura, Hiroshi Murata, Ryo Asaoka; Biomechanical Glaucoma Factor and Corneal Hysteresis in Treated Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma and Their Associations With Visual Field Progression. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(7):4. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.7.4.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the relationship between biomechanical glaucoma factor (BGF) measured with Corvis ST and glaucomatous visual field (VF) progression, compared to corneal hysteresis (CH) measured with ocular response analyzer using a longitudinal dataset of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). The discriminative powers of BGF and CH were also compared using a cross-sectional dataset.
The longitudinal dataset included 166 POAG eyes. The rate of VF change during the follow-up period was evaluated using the mean of 52 pointwise total deviations in the Humphrey 24-2 field test. Variables associated with the VF progression rate were identified from BGF, CH, age, baseline VF severity, and intraocular pressure during the VF follow-up period by identifying the optimal model. The cross-sectional dataset included 68 POAG eyes and 68 healthy eyes. Using this dataset, the area under the curve (AUC) values of the receiver-operating curve were compared between CH and BGF.
The optimal multivariate linear mixed model to describe the VF rate included age and CH, but not BGF. Between POAG and healthy eyes, CH was statistically different (P < 0.001), although this was not the case with BGF. The AUC values were 0.61 and 0.71 for BGF and CH, respectively (P = 0.027).
CH, but not BGF, was associated with VF progression in POAG patients under treatment. BGF was not useful to discriminate POAG between treated and normal eyes.
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