June 2021
Volume 62, Issue 8
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2021
Utility of post-operative review following Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jessica F Yang
    Ophthalmology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States
  • Logan Vander Woude
    Ophthalmology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States
  • Mollie K Mansfield
    Ophthalmology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States
  • Amit Walia
    Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri, United States
  • Mark B Sherwood
    Ophthalmology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States
  • Siva S Radhakrishnan Iyer
    Ophthalmology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Jessica Yang, None; Logan Vander Woude, None; Mollie Mansfield, None; Amit Walia, None; Mark Sherwood, None; Siva Iyer, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2021, Vol.62, 2055. doi:
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    • Get Citation

      Jessica F Yang, Logan Vander Woude, Mollie K Mansfield, Amit Walia, Mark B Sherwood, Siva S Radhakrishnan Iyer; Utility of post-operative review following Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(8):2055.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy (YAG) is a common procedure with infrequent adverse events. We reviewed intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements 30 minutes after YAG in glaucomatous and non-glaucomatous eyes and a one-week post-op dilated fundus exam (DFE) to detect retinal tear (RT) and detachment (RD). We are interested in the utility of these same day and one-week visits, especially in glaucoma patients and in this COVID-19 era.

Methods : We analyzed 1,406 eyes from 1,138 patients who received YAG from 2011 to 2020 at the University of Florida. Exclusion criteria included YAG performed for reasons other than posterior capsular opacification, IOP not recorded and glaucoma status not analyzed. IOP (pre-op, 30 minutes post-op and at follow-up), follow-up DFE and glaucoma history were recorded. Primary outcome measures were change in IOP at same day and one-week post-op visits and incidence of RT and RD.
Statistical analyses were conducted in IBM SPSS Statistics. Pre-op and same day post-op IOP in all patients (N=578) and in glaucoma patients (N=93) were compared with paired t-test. Univariate regression analysis was performed to assess if glaucoma history predicted which patients would have a rise in IOP of 5mmHg or more. ANOVA was used for comparison of intergroup difference between pre-op, same day post-op, and follow-up.

Results : There was no significant change in mean pre-op and post-op IOP in all patients (p = 0.557), nor in the glaucoma patients (p = 0.194). Many patients (68.9%, N=404) were given a drop of brimonidine prior to YAG procedure. 69 patients had a rise in IOP of 5 mmHg or more at 30 minutes following YAG, including 13/93 (14%) of glaucoma eyes and 56/485 (12%) of non-glaucoma eyes. An IOP spike of 10mmHg occurred in 9 of these eyes of which 1 eye had glaucoma (1%) and 8 did not (89%). Using binary logistic regression, we found that glaucoma was not predictive for rise in IOP of 5mmHg or more following YAG (OR 1.23; 95% CI=0.64-2.34). No patients had RT or RD detected during one-week follow-up visit.

Conclusions : There is no significant change in IOP in all patients and in glaucoma patients. Glaucoma was not considered a risk factor for rise in IOP. YAG does not seem to increase the risk of RT or RD. In this COVID-19 era, when all practitioners aim to decrease in-person visits, small changes on a large scale can make an impact. If validated, our results bring into question the necessity of post-op visits after YAG.

This is a 2021 ARVO Annual Meeting abstract.

 

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