June 2021
Volume 62, Issue 8
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2021
Agreement rates for predominantly peripheral lesion(PPL) grading assessed using qualitative and quantitative methods on ultrawide field color images(UWF-CI) and fluorescein angiography(UWF-FA) in diabetic retinopathy(DR).
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • mohamed Ashraf Elmasry
    Joslin Diabetes Center Beetham Eye Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    Ophthalmology, Alexandria University Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria, Egypt
  • Abdulrahman Rageh
    Joslin Diabetes Center Beetham Eye Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • Recivall Pascual Salongcay
    Philippine Eye Research Institute, University of the Philippines Manila, Manila, Metro Manila, Philippines
  • Jennifer K Sun
    Joslin Diabetes Center Beetham Eye Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • Lloyd Paul Aiello
    Joslin Diabetes Center Beetham Eye Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • Paolo S Silva
    Joslin Diabetes Center Beetham Eye Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   mohamed Elmasry, None; Abdulrahman Rageh, None; Recivall Salongcay, None; Jennifer Sun, Adaptive Sensory Technologies (F), Boehringer Ingelheim (F), Boehringer Ingelheim (R), Boston Micromachines (F), Kalvista (R), Kalvista (F), Merck (R), Novartis (R), Novo Nordisk (R), Optovue (F), Roche (F), Roche (R); Lloyd Aiello, Kalvista (C), Kalvista (I), Novo Nordisk (C); Paolo Silva, Hillrom (F), Optomed (F), Optos (F)
  • Footnotes
    Support  none
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2021, Vol.62, 1917. doi:
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      mohamed Ashraf Elmasry, Abdulrahman Rageh, Recivall Pascual Salongcay, Jennifer K Sun, Lloyd Paul Aiello, Paolo S Silva; Agreement rates for predominantly peripheral lesion(PPL) grading assessed using qualitative and quantitative methods on ultrawide field color images(UWF-CI) and fluorescein angiography(UWF-FA) in diabetic retinopathy(DR).. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(8):1917.

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Abstract

Purpose : To compare agreement rates of DR PPL grading using UWF-CI and UWF-FA via qualitative and quantitative methods.

Methods : UWF-CI and UWF-FA images were acquired at the same visit from eyes without panretinal photocoagulation and graded for DR severity level at a centralized reading center. UWF-CI were graded qualitatively by 2 trained graders for presence or absence of PPL (qualitative PPL). UWF-FA images were graded for qualitative PPL by 2 separate masked graders. Hemorrhages and microaneurysm (H/Ma) manual counts inside and outside the ETDRS fields were obtained from UWF-FA images. Quantitative PPL-H/MA were defined as greater H/MA counts outside than inside each ETDRS field.

Results : Images from 280 eyes of 188 patients were evaluated. Distribution of DR severity based on UWF grading was 85 eyes (30.4%) mild nonproliferative DR (NPDR), 94 (33.6%) moderate, 66 (23.6%) severe and 35 (12.5%) proliferative DR (PDR). Agreement for qualitative PPL for the entire cohort was moderate for UWF-CI (exact agreement, 77.9%, κ= 0.421) but was substantially greater for UWF-FA (87.9%, 0.702). Within DR severity levels, agreement was similar in mild NPDR (κ=0.486 UWF-FA vs κ=0.439 UWF-CI) but substantially better using UWF-FA in all other DR severity levels; moderate NPDR (κ=0.743 vs κ=0.538), severe NPDR (κ=0.553 vs κ=0.339) and PDR (κ=0.639 vs κ=0.212).
Average agreement between qualitative PPL grading for UWF-CI and UWF-FA was poor (70.2%, κ=0.228). Using a difference of 1 H/MA or more in the UWF fields, quantitative PPL-H/Ma had a moderate agreement with both qualitative PPL graders (72.8%, 0.447 and 73.8%, 0.468). Increasing the threshold difference to determine PPL-H/Ma from 2-8 did not improve the agreement rates with qualitative grading (70.3% - 72.8%, 0.330 – 0.447; 73.6% - 78.2%, 0.468 – 0.516).

Conclusions : Agreement between qualitative PPL grading on UWF-FA and UWF-CI is poor, suggesting that they are not readily interchangeable. Determining PPL qualitatively on UWF-FA is more reproducible than UWF-CI in eyes with moderate NPDR or worse. Given these differences, future studies will need to evaluate whether PPL graded on FA or CI is more associated with DR progression. If FA is deemed more prognostic, then the role of FA in assessing DR management may become more important.

This is a 2021 ARVO Annual Meeting abstract.

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