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Zhen Liu, Yanghui Xiu, Fangfang Qiu, Zhenzhen Zhu, Rongrong Zong, Xiangtian Zhou, Jianhong An, Qiongsi Wang, Peter S Reinach, Wei Li, Wensheng Chen, Zuguo Liu; Canonical Wnt Signaling Drives Myopia Development and Can Be Pharmacologically Modulated. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(9):21. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.9.21.
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of the canonical Wnt signaling in the development of the myopia.
Plasma from adult patients with myopia, myopic animal models including the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene mutation mouse model, and the form deprivation (FD) induced mouse model of myopia were used. Niclosamide, a canonical Wnt pathway inhibitor, was orally administrated in animal models. Plasma levels of DKK-1 were determined by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Refraction, vitreous chamber depth (VCD), axial length (AL), and other parameters, were measured at the end of the FD treatment. Canonical Wnt signaling changes were evaluated by Western blot analysis and immunostaining analysis.
Plasma level of Wnt inhibitor DKK-1 was markedly decreased in patients with myopia. Meanwhile, the canonical Wnt pathway was progressively activated during myopia development in mice. Moreover, inhibition of canonical Wnt signaling by niclosamide in mouse models markedly reduced lens thickness (LT), VCD, and AL elongation, resulting in myopia inhibition.
Dysregulation of canonical Wnt signaling is a characteristic of myopia and targeting Wnt signaling pathways has potential as a therapeutic strategy for myopia.
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